The only satellite of our planet Earth, the Moon is the largest satellite in our Solar System almost relative to the size of a planet. It is the fifth largest satellite in our Solar System. Since the moon has a rocky body and can be differentiated, it is known as a satellite planet.
A lot of people have experimented with a lot of stuff on the moon. Even before the idea of carrying out experiments on the surface of the moon was thought of, several brilliant minds gave us a lot of theories and facts. Anaxagoras, the ancient Greek philosopher, was the one who told us that the sun and the moon were two different giant rocks and that the moon reflected the light from the sun. Since then, from the Babylonian astronomers to Indian astronomers to Chinese astronomers, things kept on improving.
Aristotle, the great Greek philosopher, also gave his input in his Description of the Universe. Archimedes, Seleucus of Seleucia, Aristarchus, etc also gave their knowledge. With Galileo Galilei’s invention of the telescope, things became more smooth. Orthostat 47, a 5000-year-old rock carving, at Knowth, Ireland was possibly the earliest-discovered depictions of the Moon.
Fast forward to 1969, the first spaceflight that landed humans on the surface of the Moon was Apollo 11. Neil Armstrong accompanied by his module pilot Buzz Aldrin were among the people who landed. Neil Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface, followed by Buzz Aldrin just minutes later. This marked the actual beginning of a lot of experiments on the Moon.
New updates on the moon
Since then till now, Moon had given us a lot of positive results. Humans have stayed for days on the Moon, however, the lunar dust on the surface of the Moon, sticking on the suits of the astronauts, has the potential to affect the health of the astronauts. Still, in 2019, among many other experiments carried out to figure life on the surface of the moon, a one plant seed sprouted in the experiment.
Now, however, things look very different. There are cold traps that have water ice on the Lunar South Pole. Carbon dioxide cold traps are found just along with them. These are the places where the light of the sun never reaches. Thus this makes the temperature so low that the water and carbon dioxide remain solid. In these cold traps, carbon dioxide molecules remain frozen to give a solid form, even if the temperature is high.
The total area of these carbon dioxide traps adds up to roughly 204 square kilometers, with Amundsen Crater being the largest area, having 82 square kilometers of traps. In these areas, temperatures continually remain minus 352 degrees Fahrenheit which is roughly below 60 degrees Kelvin.
This newly researched piece is published in the AGU journal Geophysical Research Letters. This invention is highly likely to affect the further experiments carried out on the surface of the moon. This will also affect the next project involving humans. Although this research doesn’t exactly confirm the possibility of human existence on the surface of the Moon, it is still a path towards it.